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authorJustin Chevrier <jchevrier@gmail.com>2015-02-08 21:58:10 +0000
committerStefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at>2015-02-08 21:58:10 +0000
commitf3973600404204013c403625a11bf434dade628c (patch)
tree597dd6c02ecd223e56d3088682e1c5314409af1f /pickit2_spi.c
parent03d4faca7aed125d48c69dd50119e0ec0bfd5978 (diff)
Add support for the Microchip PICkit2 as an SPI programmer
This patch was inspired by the code in AVRDude (open source Atmel AVR programmer) to support the PICkit2 written by Doug Brown [1]. The Dediprog code in flashrom was used as the template for this code with some reference to the ft2232 code as well. [1] - https://github.com/steve-m/avrdude/blob/master/pickit2.c Corresponding to flashrom svn r1881. Signed-off-by: Justin Chevrier <jchevrier@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Stefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at> Acked-by: Stefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at>
Diffstat (limited to 'pickit2_spi.c')
-rw-r--r--pickit2_spi.c505
1 files changed, 505 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/pickit2_spi.c b/pickit2_spi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fb03b02
--- /dev/null
+++ b/pickit2_spi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,505 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the flashrom project.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Carl-Daniel Hailfinger
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Justin Chevrier
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Connections are as follows:
+ *
+ * +------+-----+----------+
+ * | SPI | Pin | PICkit2 |
+ * +------+-----+----------+
+ * | /CS | 1 | VPP/MCLR |
+ * | VCC | 2 | VDD |
+ * | GND | 3 | GND |
+ * | MISO | 4 | PGD |
+ * | SCLK | 5 | PDC |
+ * | MOSI | 6 | AUX |
+ * +------+-----+----------+
+ *
+ * Inspiration and some specifics of the interface came via the AVRDude
+ * PICkit2 code: https://github.com/steve-m/avrdude/blob/master/pickit2.c
+ */
+
+#include "platform.h"
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+
+#if IS_WINDOWS
+#include <lusb0_usb.h>
+#else
+#include <usb.h>
+#endif
+
+#include "flash.h"
+#include "chipdrivers.h"
+#include "programmer.h"
+#include "spi.h"
+
+static usb_dev_handle *pickit2_handle;
+
+/* Default USB transaction timeout in ms */
+#define DFLT_TIMEOUT 10000
+
+#define CMD_LENGTH 64
+#define ENDPOINT_OUT 0x01
+#define ENDPOINT_IN 0x81
+
+#define PICKIT2_VID 0x04D8
+#define PICKIT2_PID 0x0033
+
+#define CMD_GET_VERSION 0x76
+#define CMD_SET_VDD 0xA0
+#define CMD_SET_VPP 0xA1
+#define CMD_READ_VDD_VPP 0xA3
+#define CMD_EXEC_SCRIPT 0xA6
+#define CMD_CLR_DLOAD_BUFF 0xA7
+#define CMD_DOWNLOAD_DATA 0xA8
+#define CMD_CLR_ULOAD_BUFF 0xA9
+#define CMD_UPLOAD_DATA 0xAA
+#define CMD_END_OF_BUFFER 0xAD
+
+#define SCR_SPI_READ_BUF 0xC5
+#define SCR_SPI_WRITE_BUF 0xC6
+#define SCR_SET_AUX 0xCF
+#define SCR_LOOP 0xE9
+#define SCR_SET_ICSP_CLK_PERIOD 0xEA
+#define SCR_SET_PINS 0xF3
+#define SCR_BUSY_LED_OFF 0xF4
+#define SCR_BUSY_LED_ON 0xF5
+#define SCR_MCLR_GND_OFF 0xF6
+#define SCR_MCLR_GND_ON 0xF7
+#define SCR_VPP_PWM_OFF 0xF8
+#define SCR_VPP_PWM_ON 0xF9
+#define SCR_VPP_OFF 0xFA
+#define SCR_VPP_ON 0xFB
+#define SCR_VDD_OFF 0xFE
+#define SCR_VDD_ON 0xFF
+
+/* Copied from dediprog.c */
+/* Might be useful for other USB devices as well. static for now. */
+/* device parameter allows user to specify one device of multiple installed */
+static struct usb_device *get_device_by_vid_pid(uint16_t vid, uint16_t pid, unsigned int device)
+{
+ struct usb_bus *bus;
+ struct usb_device *dev;
+
+ for (bus = usb_get_busses(); bus; bus = bus->next)
+ for (dev = bus->devices; dev; dev = dev->next)
+ if ((dev->descriptor.idVendor == vid) &&
+ (dev->descriptor.idProduct == pid)) {
+ if (device == 0)
+ return dev;
+ device--;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int pickit2_get_firmware_version(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+ uint8_t command[CMD_LENGTH] = {CMD_GET_VERSION, CMD_END_OF_BUFFER};
+
+ ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)command, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+ ret = usb_interrupt_read(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_IN, (char *)command, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ msg_pdbg("PICkit2 Firmware Version: %d.%d\n", (int)command[0], (int)command[1]);
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Command Get Firmware Version failed (%s)!\n", usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int pickit2_set_spi_voltage(int millivolt)
+{
+ double voltage_selector;
+ switch (millivolt) {
+ case 0:
+ /* Admittedly this one is an assumption. */
+ voltage_selector = 0;
+ break;
+ case 1800:
+ voltage_selector = 1.8;
+ break;
+ case 2500:
+ voltage_selector = 2.5;
+ break;
+ case 3500:
+ voltage_selector = 3.5;
+ break;
+ default:
+ msg_perr("Unknown voltage %i mV! Aborting.\n", millivolt);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ msg_pdbg("Setting SPI voltage to %u.%03u V\n", millivolt / 1000,
+ millivolt % 1000);
+
+ uint8_t command[CMD_LENGTH] = {
+ CMD_SET_VDD,
+ voltage_selector * 2048 + 672,
+ (voltage_selector * 2048 + 672) / 256,
+ voltage_selector * 36,
+ CMD_SET_VPP,
+ 0x40,
+ voltage_selector * 18.61,
+ voltage_selector * 13,
+ CMD_END_OF_BUFFER
+ };
+
+ int ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)command, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Command Set Voltage failed (%s)!\n", usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct pickit2_spispeeds {
+ const char *const name;
+ const int speed;
+};
+
+static const struct pickit2_spispeeds spispeeds[] = {
+ { "1M", 0x1 },
+ { "500k", 0x2 },
+ { "333k", 0x3 },
+ { "250k", 0x4 },
+ { NULL, 0x0 },
+};
+
+static int pickit2_set_spi_speed(unsigned int spispeed_idx)
+{
+ msg_pdbg("SPI speed is %sHz\n", spispeeds[spispeed_idx].name);
+
+ uint8_t command[CMD_LENGTH] = {
+ CMD_EXEC_SCRIPT,
+ 2,
+ SCR_SET_ICSP_CLK_PERIOD,
+ spispeed_idx,
+ CMD_END_OF_BUFFER
+ };
+
+ int ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)command, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Command Set SPI Speed failed (%s)!\n", usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int pickit2_spi_send_command(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int writecnt, unsigned int readcnt,
+ const unsigned char *writearr, unsigned char *readarr)
+{
+
+ /* Maximum number of bytes per transaction (including command overhead) is 64. Lets play it safe
+ * and always assume the worst case scenario of 20 bytes command overhead.
+ */
+ if (writecnt + readcnt + 20 > CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("\nTotal packetsize (%i) is greater than 64 supported, aborting.\n",
+ writecnt + readcnt + 20);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ uint8_t buf[CMD_LENGTH] = {CMD_DOWNLOAD_DATA, writecnt};
+ int i = 2;
+ for (; i < writecnt + 2; i++) {
+ buf[i] = writearr[i - 2];
+ }
+
+ buf[i++] = CMD_CLR_ULOAD_BUFF;
+ buf[i++] = CMD_EXEC_SCRIPT;
+
+ /* Determine script length based on number of bytes to be read or written */
+ if (writecnt == 1 && readcnt == 1)
+ buf[i++] = 7;
+ else if (writecnt == 1 || readcnt == 1)
+ buf[i++] = 10;
+ else
+ buf[i++] = 13;
+
+ /* Assert CS# */
+ buf[i++] = SCR_VPP_OFF;
+ buf[i++] = SCR_MCLR_GND_ON;
+
+ buf[i++] = SCR_SPI_WRITE_BUF;
+
+ if (writecnt > 1) {
+ buf[i++] = SCR_LOOP;
+ buf[i++] = 1; /* Loop back one instruction */
+ buf[i++] = writecnt - 1; /* Number of times to loop */
+ }
+
+ if (readcnt)
+ buf[i++] = SCR_SPI_READ_BUF;
+
+ if (readcnt > 1) {
+ buf[i++] = SCR_LOOP;
+ buf[i++] = 1; /* Loop back one instruction */
+ buf[i++] = readcnt - 1; /* Number of times to loop */
+ }
+
+ /* De-assert CS# */
+ buf[i++] = SCR_MCLR_GND_OFF;
+ buf[i++] = SCR_VPP_PWM_ON;
+ buf[i++] = SCR_VPP_ON;
+
+ buf[i++] = CMD_UPLOAD_DATA;
+ buf[i++] = CMD_END_OF_BUFFER;
+
+ int ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)buf, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Send SPI failed, expected %i, got %i %s!\n", writecnt, ret, usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (readcnt) {
+ ret = usb_interrupt_read(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_IN, (char *)buf, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Receive SPI failed, expected %i, got %i %s!\n", readcnt, ret, usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* First byte indicates number of bytes transferred from upload buffer */
+ if (buf[0] != readcnt) {
+ msg_perr("Unexpected number of bytes transferred, expected %i, got %i!\n",
+ readcnt, ret);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Actual data starts at byte number two */
+ memcpy(readarr, &buf[1], readcnt);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Copied from dediprog.c */
+/* Might be useful for other USB devices as well. static for now. */
+static int parse_voltage(char *voltage)
+{
+ char *tmp = NULL;
+ int i;
+ int millivolt = 0, fraction = 0;
+
+ if (!voltage || !strlen(voltage)) {
+ msg_perr("Empty voltage= specified.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ millivolt = (int)strtol(voltage, &tmp, 0);
+ voltage = tmp;
+ /* Handle "," and "." as decimal point. Everything after it is assumed
+ * to be in decimal notation.
+ */
+ if ((*voltage == '.') || (*voltage == ',')) {
+ voltage++;
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ fraction *= 10;
+ /* Don't advance if the current character is invalid,
+ * but continue multiplying.
+ */
+ if ((*voltage < '0') || (*voltage > '9'))
+ continue;
+ fraction += *voltage - '0';
+ voltage++;
+ }
+ /* Throw away remaining digits. */
+ voltage += strspn(voltage, "0123456789");
+ }
+ /* The remaining string must be empty or "mV" or "V". */
+ tolower_string(voltage);
+
+ /* No unit or "V". */
+ if ((*voltage == '\0') || !strncmp(voltage, "v", 1)) {
+ millivolt *= 1000;
+ millivolt += fraction;
+ } else if (!strncmp(voltage, "mv", 2) ||
+ !strncmp(voltage, "millivolt", 9)) {
+ /* No adjustment. fraction is discarded. */
+ } else {
+ /* Garbage at the end of the string. */
+ msg_perr("Garbage voltage= specified.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return millivolt;
+}
+
+static const struct spi_master spi_master_pickit2 = {
+ .type = SPI_CONTROLLER_PICKIT2,
+ .max_data_read = 40,
+ .max_data_write = 40,
+ .command = pickit2_spi_send_command,
+ .multicommand = default_spi_send_multicommand,
+ .read = default_spi_read,
+ .write_256 = default_spi_write_256,
+ .write_aai = default_spi_write_aai,
+};
+
+static int pickit2_shutdown(void *data)
+{
+ /* Set all pins to float and turn voltages off */
+ uint8_t command[CMD_LENGTH] = {
+ CMD_EXEC_SCRIPT,
+ 8,
+ SCR_SET_PINS,
+ 3, /* Bit-0=1(PDC In), Bit-1=1(PGD In), Bit-2=0(PDC LL), Bit-3=0(PGD LL) */
+ SCR_SET_AUX,
+ 1, /* Bit-0=1(Aux In), Bit-1=0(Aux LL) */
+ SCR_MCLR_GND_OFF,
+ SCR_VPP_OFF,
+ SCR_VDD_OFF,
+ SCR_BUSY_LED_OFF,
+ CMD_END_OF_BUFFER
+ };
+
+ int ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)command, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Command Shutdown failed (%s)!\n", usb_strerror());
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+ if (usb_release_interface(pickit2_handle, 0) != 0) {
+ msg_perr("Could not release USB interface!\n");
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+ if (usb_close(pickit2_handle) != 0) {
+ msg_perr("Could not close USB device!\n");
+ ret = 1;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int pickit2_spi_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned int usedevice = 0; // FIXME: allow to select one of multiple devices
+
+ uint8_t buf[CMD_LENGTH] = {
+ CMD_EXEC_SCRIPT,
+ 10, /* Script length */
+ SCR_SET_PINS,
+ 2, /* Bit-0=0(PDC Out), Bit-1=1(PGD In), Bit-2=0(PDC LL), Bit-3=0(PGD LL) */
+ SCR_SET_AUX,
+ 0, /* Bit-0=0(Aux Out), Bit-1=0(Aux LL) */
+ SCR_VDD_ON,
+ SCR_MCLR_GND_OFF, /* Let CS# float */
+ SCR_VPP_PWM_ON,
+ SCR_VPP_ON, /* Pull CS# high */
+ SCR_BUSY_LED_ON,
+ CMD_CLR_DLOAD_BUFF,
+ CMD_CLR_ULOAD_BUFF,
+ CMD_END_OF_BUFFER
+ };
+
+
+ int spispeed_idx = 0;
+ char *spispeed = extract_programmer_param("spispeed");
+ if (spispeed != NULL) {
+ int i = 0;
+ for (; spispeeds[i].name; i++) {
+ if (strcasecmp(spispeeds[i].name, spispeed) == 0) {
+ spispeed_idx = i;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (spispeeds[i].name == NULL) {
+ msg_perr("Error: Invalid 'spispeed' value.\n");
+ free(spispeed);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ free(spispeed);
+ }
+
+ int millivolt = 3500;
+ char *voltage = extract_programmer_param("voltage");
+ if (voltage != NULL) {
+ millivolt = parse_voltage(voltage);
+ free(voltage);
+ if (millivolt < 0)
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Here comes the USB stuff */
+ usb_init();
+ (void)usb_find_busses();
+ (void)usb_find_devices();
+ struct usb_device *dev = get_device_by_vid_pid(PICKIT2_VID, PICKIT2_PID, usedevice);
+ if (dev == NULL) {
+ msg_perr("Could not find a PICkit2 on USB!\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ msg_pdbg("Found USB device (%04x:%04x).\n", dev->descriptor.idVendor, dev->descriptor.idProduct);
+
+ pickit2_handle = usb_open(dev);
+ int ret = usb_set_configuration(pickit2_handle, 1);
+ if (ret != 0) {
+ msg_perr("Could not set USB device configuration: %i %s\n", ret, usb_strerror());
+ if (usb_close(pickit2_handle) != 0)
+ msg_perr("Could not close USB device!\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ ret = usb_claim_interface(pickit2_handle, 0);
+ if (ret != 0) {
+ msg_perr("Could not claim USB device interface %i: %i %s\n", 0, ret, usb_strerror());
+ if (usb_close(pickit2_handle) != 0)
+ msg_perr("Could not close USB device!\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (register_shutdown(pickit2_shutdown, NULL) != 0) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (pickit2_get_firmware_version()) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Command Set SPI Speed */
+ if (pickit2_set_spi_speed(spispeed_idx)) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Command Set SPI Voltage */
+ msg_pdbg("Setting voltage to %i mV.\n", millivolt);
+ if (pickit2_set_spi_voltage(millivolt) != 0) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Perform basic setup.
+ * Configure pin directions and logic levels, turn Vdd on, turn busy LED on and clear buffers. */
+ ret = usb_interrupt_write(pickit2_handle, ENDPOINT_OUT, (char *)buf, CMD_LENGTH, DFLT_TIMEOUT);
+ if (ret != CMD_LENGTH) {
+ msg_perr("Command Setup failed (%s)!\n", usb_strerror());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ register_spi_master(&spi_master_pickit2);
+
+ return 0;
+}